Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex condition caused by an increased level of androgen hormones and menstrual irregularities. This hormonal imbalance causes to skip menstrual pregnant which cause infertility in a woman.
PCOS cause hair growth on the face and body or can say unwanted hair growth. It can also cause baldness. It can also enhance the risk of getting heart disease and diabetes. PCOS is a problem with hormones that can affect a woman during their childbearing years. It affects a woman between 15 years to 44 years.
Here is a list of some common signs and symptoms
Acne or oily skin, infertility, irregular menstrual periods, Hirsutism (unwanted hair growth on face and body parts), ovaries having cysts, ovaries that are enlarged, obesity, weight gain, thinning of hair and baldness, thick dark patches on skin such as on neck, breast, arm and thigh and pelvic pain are the some common symptoms of PCOS.
Causes of PCOS
There is no exact cause of PCOS. Doctors don’t know the exact cause of PCOS. Some believe that the main cause of PCOS is the high level of male hormones which prevent to ovaries to make eggs and to produce hormones. Insulin resistance and genes are other main causes of PCOS which cause the excessive androgen production.
- Insulin resistance
The cells of a woman with PCOS can’t produce insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreases in a body to help the body to use sugar coming from food. When cells can’t use insulin properly, the body will demand more insulin which can’t be compensated. This triggers to produce more male hormones in a body.
Various studies have concluded that PCOS is hereditary.
Obesity is one another main cause of PCOS which also increase the risk for diabetes and heart disease.
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
There is no possibility to improve all the symptoms at once. That is why first of doctor will ask you “your primary concert related to PCOS” and then treat you as well. Like if the main concern of a woman is unwanted hair growth then a doctor might prescribe birth control pills to reduce the number of androgens. But in case if she wants to get pregnant then this would not be a great option. Thus the treatment would be given as per the concern of the woman.
Birth control pills, anti-obesity drugs, Diabetes medication, and fertility medications are some most commonly used treatments for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Infographic: What You Should Know About PCOS?